The Roll of Honour records and commemorates members of the Australian armed forces who have died during or as a result of war service, or for Post-1945 conflicts, warlike service, non-warlike service and certain peacetime operations.

It takes the form of bronze panels in the Memorial’s Commemorative Area and the Roll of Honour database.

Roll of Honour

Records in the Roll of Honour database contain the personal particulars, unit and the date of death of each person. Some records may also contain cause of death, place of death, and cemetery or memorial details. This information is based on card indexes, known as the Roll of Honour cards, that were used to compile the physical Roll of Honour located in the Memorial’s Commemorative Area. The cards contain information transcribed directly from original source records produced during or immediately after each conflict. In recent years the records on the Roll of Honour database have been enhanced with information from further research and other sources.

More than half the database records have digital images attached to them from records known as the Roll of Honour circulars. For the First World War, the circulars were forms sent to next of kin seeking details regarding the deceased. For the Second World War the forms were not sent to the next of kin, but were completed by the Directorate of War Graves Services. Circulars for those who died in the Korean War were completed in March 1954 by the Memorial’s Roll of Honour clerk. Circulars were not created for the other conflicts. Researchers should keep in mind that even in the conflicts where there were circulars, they were not created for every individual.

Eligibility criteria

Questions of eligibility for the Roll of Honour are determined solely by the Memorial’s Council, and have been considered many times over the years by Council and before it by the Memorial’s Board. The following paragraphs summarise the current criteria for eligibility:

Pre–1914 conflicts

Sudan
South Africa
China

To be eligible, an individual must:

  • have died during service as a member of a naval or military unit raised by one of the Australian colonies or, after Federation, by the Commonwealth of Australia, or as a result of that service; and
  • have died within one of the following specified periods

First and Second World Wars

To be eligible, an individual must:

  • have died during service as a member of the Australian armed forces, or as a result of that service; and
  • have been a member of a unit which was, or could be sent overseas or, after the entry of Japan into the Second World War, a member of the Australian armed forces; and
  • have died within one of the following specified periods

Post–1945 conflicts

To be eligible, an individual must:

  • have died during service as a member of the Australian armed forces or the Australian Defence Force, or as a result of that service; and
  • have died during or as a result of service in a conflict or operation either,
    • classified by the Department of Defence as warlike, or
    • classified by the Department of Defence as non-warlike, or
    • classified by the Department of Defence as peacetime, and which Council agrees is appropriate for inclusion in the Roll of Honour; and
  • have died between the defined start and end dates of that conflict or operation; or as a result of service in that conflict or operation within two years of returning to Australia.

Australians who died during these periods of conflict but were not serving with Australian armed forces may be included in the Commemorative Roll.

Specified Periods

The official commencement and cut-off dates for inclusion in the Roll of Honour and the Commemorative Roll are as follows.

Conflict/operation

Start date

End date

Sudan

1885

1885

South Africa

11 October 1899

31 May 1902

China

6 August 1900

25 April 1901

First World War

4 August 1914

31 March 1921

Second World War

3 September 1939

30 June 1947

Japan

1 July 1947

28 April 1952

Papua and New Guinea

1 July 1947

16 September 1975

North Queensland Coast

1 July 1947

31 May 1950

Middle East

11 June 1948

Ongoing

Malayan Emergency

16 June 1948

31 July 1960

Berlin

26 June 1948

30 September 1949

Kashmir

13 August 1948

1985

Korea

27 June 1950

27 July 1957

Malta

9 July 1952

1955

Southeast Asia

2 July 1955

14 March 1975

Vietnam

3 August 1962

29 April 1975

Indonesian Confrontation

24 December 1962

11 August 1966

Malay Peninsula

19 February 1964

11 August 1966

Thailand

25 June 1965

31 August 1968

Irian Jaya

12 July 1976

15 November 1981

Western Sahara

5 September 1991

25 May 1994

Somalia

20 October 1992

28 March 1995

Border Protection

1 August 1997

Ongoing

Bougainville

20 November 1997

26 August 2003

East Timor

19 June 1999

19 April 2013

Afghanistan

11 October 2001

Ongoing

Iraq

18 March 2003

14 December 2013

Solomon Islands

24 July 2003

30 September 2013

Indonesia

28 March 2005

18 April 2005

Fiji

31 October 2006

22 December 2006

Additions and amendments to the Roll of Honour

Honour roll listing closeup

The Memorial takes very seriously its responsibility in managing the Roll of Honour and Commemorative Roll and ensuring they record the sacrifice made by Australians in war and on military operations. The accuracy of the data contained in the Honour Rolls is important to us, and we invite you to contact us in respect to potential amendments or additions to the Honour Rolls. Read more about additions and amendments to the Roll of Honour