Biography

Birth date: 07 December 1913
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, St Kilda
Death date: 29 April 2001
Death place: Sydney, NSW
Final rank: Sapper
Service number: NX80056 - Second World War, 1939-1945

Julian Richard Ashton was a member of the renowned family who founded the Sydney Art School in 1890 (later the Julian Ashton Art School). During the early 1930s, he studied at the school under his grandfather, Julian Rossi Ashton, and by the outbreak of the Second World War had established himself as an artist with a solid classical art training.
After unsuccessfully applying to the Commonwealth Art Committee for appointment as an official war artist, Ashton enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) in December 1941. Early the following year, while a corporal on active service with the Signals Corps in New Guinea, he wrote to the deputy director of National War Memorials: "I have made full use of my spare time here and have made numerous drawings, watercolours and oils of both the air activity, which is considerable, and the life and surroundings...I would hail with delight the chance of giving my whole time and talents to a job which would be of benefit to future generations." Soon after, confirmation of Ashton's appointment as an official war artist was sent via signal to H.Q. New Guinea Force on 25 May 1942 for a period of three months.
It was an ill-fated appointment as Ashton required surgery for appendicitis, received inadequate art supplies and was sent back to Australia to recuperate after contracting Dengue Fever. Furthermore the hasty nature of his appointment resulted in ongoing confusion as to Ashton's status as a war artist. Ashton and the army had assumed that he was being appointed by the Australian War Memorial as an official war artist. While the Memorial believed he had been appointed as an AIF artist under the Military History Section (MHS). As a result he remained a corporal in the AIF and was not given an honorary commission as an officer, in line with other official war artist appointments.
Seconded to the MHS in late 1942 Ashton worked on New Guinea paintings in his Sydney studio. He also proofed illustrations for army annuals, recorded civil defence installations and army anti-air craft crews in and around Sydney while continuing to express a desire to return to New Guinea. The delays in resolving his status and refusal by the MHS to commission him as an officer eventually led to personal antagonism between the artist and John Treloar, then head of the MHS. In April 1943 Ashton withdrew for personal reasons from a MHS group selected to go to New Guinea.
After recording the work of the Water Transport Unit in Sydney, Ashton enrolled in an AIF camouflage and deception course in August 1943. He was reverted to the rank of sapper (draughtsman) at his own request and went on to serve in northern Australia and New Guinea. He continued to work in a private capacity, making a rich visual record of servicemen and locals, especially during the Wewak and Aitape campaigns. In 1975 the Memorial purchased over 160 drawings and oil sketches from Ashton, enhancing his representation within the collection.
Discharged in 1945, Ashton continued to work as an artist. He was employed by the NSW Department of Tourist Activities and Immigration for over 20 years before taking over the directorship of the Julian Ashton Art School in 1961.

Image caption
Richard Ashton, AIF Engineers making a road, Kokoda, ART23677
Alt text: Richard Ashton, "AIF Engineers making a road, Kokoda", Reference number: ART23677
Photographic image caption
Damien Parer, official photographer, and Julian R. Ashton, official war artist, Port Moresby, 30 July 1942, 012933
Alt text: Damien Parer, official photographer, and Julian R. Ashton, official war artist, Port Moresby, 30 July 1942, Reference number: 012933

Rolls and Awards

Collection Items

Photograph

012933

Damien Parer Official photographer is interested in some sketches of the Independent Light Horse being made by Jullian R. Ashton, Official war artist, . (Negative by Parer)

012933

Art

Petrol truck on Moresby Road

A petrol truck is shown ploughing dust on Moresby Road. Three Australian soldiers are hitch-hiking on the back of the truck, sitting on petrol drums.

ART28024

Bell P39 Airacobra and Catalina aircraft

Two aircraft damaged by Japanese attacks at Port Moresby are shown. In the foreground is a US Bell P39 Airacobra which crashed into the sea after an encounter with a Japanese Zero fighter. The Consolidated Catalina flying boat in the rear was machine-gunned at night in Port Moresby harbour and...

ART28025

Bell P39 Airacobra

A US Bell Aircobra aircraft is depicted in a Dispersal Bay at Seven-Mile Drome near Port Moresby, New Guinea. The Bell P39 Airacobra fighter aircraft used for aircraft was used in the Second World War for recognition purposes. First flown on 6 April 1939, the design of the aircraft was...

ART28026

Bailey Bridge

A view of Wewak Point, NewGuinea, showing Bailey Bridge with a truck crossing it over the river and swamp. A sentry post stands to the right and native huts can be seen on the far side.

ART28190

Troops bathing at Aitape

Troops are shown bathing at Aitape, New Guinea.

ART28191

View from the range behind Wewak

A view from the ranges behind Wewak is depicted, where Japanese positions surrendered to Australians on Victory in Europe Day, 8 June 1945.

ART28192

View From Wewak Point

From Wewak Point looking across the isthmus to the swamplands and ranges to the Southeast. Japanese landing craft and ships sunk and wrecked on beach and in bay. Tents cover 25 pounder guns which bombarded hilly positions of Japanese under siege in 1945. Whole area in foreground heavily saturated...

ART28193

Japanese positions, Wewak

A view looking West from the main range showing the Japanese positions behind Wewak Point after Victory in Europe Day, 1945.

ART28194

Moresby Township

View from a hill depicting Moresby township with the harbour and a ship at the pier seen in the background.

ART28195

Tanamerah Dutch New Guinea

Depicts tents with a soldier standing in a jungle clearing.

ART28196

From The Rouna Road From Moresby

Looking towards the South coast from Rouna Road, from Port Moresby. View of fields and hills with sea in background, huts along the beach, line of trees in middle ground, road on hill to right.

ART28197

Township of Moresby looking southwest

A view of the township of Moresby, looking Southwest. A hill with huts at the base of it are in the foreground, and the sea with a ship to the left can be seen in the background.

ART28198

Aitape

An encampment in Aitape, New Guinea, can be seen surrounded by palm trees with a view of the sea in the background.

ART28200

R.A.A.F Chapel

View of a Chapel with palm trees, native figure to right, soldier figure to left.

ART28201

Bridge Building Engineers

Road clearing and Bridge Building Engineers above Rouna Falls. Depicts two trucks in foreground and a figure of a man working on the Bridge in middle ground, with a hill to the left with two trucks in background.

ART28202

Rouna Road at the 'hairpins'

A view of Rouna Road on a steep hill shown with trucks driving along it and engineers of 2/7 Field Coy Australian Australian Imperial Force widening and repairing it. This road led to the Kokoda Track and was the only ground supply route to army forces in 1942.

ART28203

View of Harbour at Moresby

View of the harbour with freighter at quay (left) 2 sailing boats (centre) and huts along the shore, steep hills in the background.

ART28204

Landing craft, tank

An American operated landing craft, tank (LCT) is depicted during night time unloading manouvres off Bribie Island, Queensland.

ART28205

Wewak Point

View of tents by the sea, forest area and hills in the background.

ART28207

Wewak Point at Muschu Island

Wewak Point, North West side looking to Muschu Island. View of small sea inlet, two naked men on dock, three empty row boats nearby, two boats with figures in background and island beyond.

ART28208

From Honuabada Village

From Honuabada Village to Moresby across Fairfax Harbour. Depicts a soldier (right foreground) sitting on a hill overlooking the view of the bay.

ART28209

Wewak

A scene at Wewak depicting provosts "persuading" Japanese prisoners.

ART28210

Control Observation Post

Sketch for a painting of a Control Observation Post, operated by the Middle Head Garrison Battalion, Sydney. The work shows a typical scene of internal security and coastal defence operations in and around Sydney during the Second World War. Richard Ashton was appointed an official war artist in...

ART23645

6 inch gun, Middle Head, Sydney

Royal Australian Artillery; breech block of 6 inch gun and sights, Middle Head Garrison

ART23646

4 Heavy Anti Aircraft Battery

Pictured is a 3.7" Mobile British gun brought back from the Middle East by the Australian Imperial Force 4 Heavy Anti Aircraft Battery.

ART23647

Studies

Five figure studies drawn by the artist whilst he was in Port Moresby. Richard Ashton was appointed an official war artist in 1942, during active service with the Australian Imperial Force in New Guinea, however ill health forced him to resign from the post. After recuperation he rejoined the army...

ART23648

Corporal E H Adams

Portrait of Corporal E H Adams, 1 Australian Water Transport Group, wearing a beret with a colour patch sewn to it. The 1st Australian Water Transport Unit was involved in providing water supplies to areas in the Pacific Islands, such as New Guinea, during the Second World War. The berets which the...

ART23649

Mr Gavin Long and Captain C Madden

Two portraits depicting Mr Gavin Long, War Correspondent, Morning Herald (on the left), and Captain Charles Deakin Madden (VX17681), Deputy Assistant Director Press Relations, New Guinea Force (on the right).

ART23650

Corporal Harry Webster

Portrait of Corporal Harry Webster, diver, 1 Australian Water Transport Group, seated on a folding stool. Cpl Webster is wearing an inflatable pressurised diving suit, boots weighted with lead, and a brass breast plate; his brass helmet with its connected air hose are on ground beside him.

ART23651

Mobile 3.7-inch anti aircraft gun

A mobile 3.7-inch anti aircraft gun at Georges Heights, Sydney is shown.

ART23653

US Pilot and Major Jack Berry of 39 US Pursuit Squadron

Portraits of two members of the United States Air Force; an unidentified pilot (top) and Major Jack Berry (bottom), both from the 39th US Pursuit Squadron

ART23654

Colonel Hudson

Portrait of VX117083 Colonel Jack Gerard Varley Hudson , Officer Commanding of Anti Aircraft Group, Port Moresby, New Guinea.

ART23655

Peter Connolly

Portrait of Peter Connoly, 39th Australian Infantry Battalion, Australian Military Forces.

ART23656

Moresby Raid

Showing bombs from a Japanese aircraft straddling a vessel in Port Moresby.

ART23658

6" Fortress Gun

A six-inch gun of the Sydney Fixed Defences, Royal Australian Artillery, in a camouflaged position in Sydney Harbour area.

ART23660

Water Transport Group

1st Australian Water Transport Group based at Clifton Gardens, Sydney.

ART23661

Middle Head garrison

An encampment for men of the Fortress and Coastal Defence Units. Tents and the site of 6 inch gun can be seen in the foreground, Middle Head Garrison is visible in the distance.

ART23662

"Queen Mary" Enterning Sydney with 9th Division

The scene from North Head as the HMT "Queen Mary", carrying troops of the 9th Australian Division home from the Middle East enters the Harbour. HMT "Aquitania", with her four funnels, is seen extreme left about to round South Head, followed by other transports and escorts.

ART23663

HMT "Queen Mary"

At anchor in Athol Bight, two days after having returned from the Middle East with troops of the 9th Australian Division.

ART23664

Camouflaged Gun Positions, Middle Head, Sydney

Richard Ashton, an artist with the Military History Section, painted a number of works related to Australia's defences during the Second World War. This work depicts anti aircraft guns in place at Middle Head overlooking Sydney Harbour. The guns have been camouflaged using netting to make them...

ART23665

Middle Head 6" Gun

Richard Ashton, an artist with the Military History Section, painted a number of works related to Australia's defences during the Second World War. A unit of Sydney Fixed Defences, Royal Australian Artillery, Middle Head, Sydney.

ART23666

Catalina on patrol

Showing a Catalina Flying Boat of the Royal Australian Air Force on patrol over the Pacific Ocean off Sydney. A vessel can be seen through a break in the clouds.

ART23667

Laloki River

Depicting troops with a Bren gun carrier crossing the Laloki River by means of a primivtive ferry.

ART23668

Soldiers, trucks and tents

Richard Ashton, an artist with the Military History Section, painted a number of works related to Australia's defences during the Second World War. This work depicts anti aircraft guns in place at Middle Head overlooking Sydney Harbour. The guns have been camouflaged using netting to make them...

ART23669

Flying Fortress Re-Fuelling

A B-17E American bomber, re-fuelling at 7 Mile Drome, near Port Moresby, New Guinea.

ART23670

2/3rd Australian Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Sydney

A gun of the 2/3rd Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment in position on the shores of Sydney Harbour. Richard Ashton, an artist with the Military History Section, painted a number of works related to Australia's defences during the Second World War. This work depicts anti aircraft guns in place at Middle...

ART23671

2/3rd Australian Light Anti Aircraft Regiment

A gun crew of 2/3rd Australian Light Anti Aircraft Regiment at Action Stations during an alarm at Sydney Harbour positions. Richard Ashton, an artist with the Military History Section, painted a number of works related to Australia's defences during the Second World War. This work depicts anti...

ART23672

1st Australian Water Transport Group

Depicting the 1st Australian Water Transport Group base at Clifton Gardens, Sydney Harbour. Richard Ashton, an artist with the Military History Section, painted a number of works related to Australia's defences during the Second World War. This work depicts anti aircraft guns in place at Middle...

ART23673

Wrecked Bomber

Dismantling a B-26 Marauder Medium Bomber that had crashed on landing at 7 Mile Drome, Port Moresby, New Guinea.

ART23674

Airocobra

A fighter plane of the United States Air Force stationed near Port Moresby, New Guinea.

ART23675

Port Moresby

View of the wharf, Port Moresby with anti-aircraft defences in the left foreground.

ART23676

AIF Engineers making a road, Kokoda

Royal Australian Engineers; group of Engineers standing at side of road as convoy of Army trucks passes

ART23677

Moresby Anti Aircraft Battery in Action

Gunners of the Royal Australian Artillery with their four inch anti-aircraft gun firing on Japanese planes raiding Port Moresby.

ART23678

Lockheed on the Road

A Lockheed aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force being serviced where it landed on a road near Port Moresby, blocks the passage of a motor ambulance conveying wounded from the forward area.

ART23679

Yarning at the water front

Personnel of 1st Australian Water Transport Group are shown relaxing at the waterside near their camp at Clifton Garden, Sydney. Richard Ashton was appointed an official war artist to the Military History Section of the Australian War Memorial in 1942. He provided service with the Australian...

ART23680

Aboard the "Alma Doepel"

Pictured is the AK-82 "Alma Doepel", one of the craft operated by the 1st Australian Water Transport Group in Sydney.

ART23681

Airacobra being repaired

A group of men are shown repairing a Bell P39 Airacobra fighter aircraft on an airfield in New Guinea. A cluster of petrol drums can be seen in the foreground.

ART23682

Camouflaged gun position

Camouflaged machine gun position of the training wing at Georges Heights, Sydney. On the verso is a charcoal sketch of a truck.

ART23683

Minesweeper on patrol

A minesweeper of the Royal Australian Navy is shown on patrol in heavy seas off the Australian Coast.

ART23684

The bombing of the Macdhui

Japanese bombs are shown exploding around the Burns Philp liner MV Macdhui in the first bombing attack on the vessel at Port Moresby. On the 17th of June, 1942 the Japanese launched this first air raid attack, causing some damage and several casualties, and killing the ship's surgeon Dr C....

ART23685

Tanlien

Tanlien, a Chinese political prisoner from Indonesia, interned during the war at Tanamerah, Dutch New Guinea.

ART29845

The Major

Portrait of Major Daniel James Toomey (N58725 ), 2/14th Field Regiment, 54th Artillery Battery, Royal Australian Artillery, at Base Hospital.

ART29846

Pastor Cornelis Meravese

A portrait of Pastor Cornelius Meravese, Tanamerah, Dutch New Guinea.

ART29847

Captain Tukutchi

A portrait of Captain Tukutchi, Japanese prisoner of war.

ART29848

Sergeant John Kent

A portrait of Sergeant John Kent, Australian Imperial Forces and driver to Correspondents' Mess

ART29849

Bernard McDonell

A portrait of Bernard Joseph ''Bernie" McDonell (QX44935), Signals Operator, Headquarters.

ART29850

Malay soldier

A portrait of a Malay soldier, Merauke, Dutch New Guinea.

ART29851

Japanese POWs

After trekking out of the hills above Wewak Point, Japanese prisoners of war are shown as they await internment on Muschu Island; some prisoners are embarking on a landing craft behind. Most of these men were in a bad state of malnutrition, many dying before they could be invalided home to Japan.

ART29852

Field Engineers

A scene showing the 1st Field Engineers building a road over a hill near Bootless Inlet, Port Moresby.

ART29853

Engineers digging tunnel

Engineers are depicted digging a tunnel for signals equipment to protect from bombing at Port Moresby.

ART29854

Kayo natives on the Digul river

Several sketches of Kayo natives from the Digul river area in Dutch New Guinea are depicted. In the centre is a profile-view portrait of a native woman carrying produce in a "billum", a string bag which is slung from her head.

ART29855

Moresby air raid

A view from Dysentery Hill looking to 7 Mile aerodrome with two aircraft depicted flying overhead. Smoke billows up from the valley below.

ART29856

"Ben", correspondents hut

A portrait of "Ben", a Port Moresby native, as he sits and washes clothes in a large metal container for the correspondents hut.

ART29857

African American soldiers washing

Two African American soldiers are depicted at Port Moresby; one is washing himself beneath a water hydrant while the other stands watching.

ART29858

Natives woodcutting under supervision

New Guinea natives are depicted woodcutting for a road bridge construction whilst being supervised by troops.

ART29859

Field Hospital, Moresby

Looking west from the Signal Headquarters in Moresby at the Field Hospital. The hospital was housed in a stone building and was later destroyed by a Japanese raid.

ART29860

Convalescent camp

Convalescent camp Q store at Koitaki compound, 48 km from Port Moresby.

ART29861

A.I.F engineers road building

Engineers from the Australian Imperial Force are depicted as they build a road above Rouna, Port Moresby.

ART29862

Wewak Point Base Hospital

The Australian Base Hospital at Wewak Point, shown here during its construction stages, was completed in 1945 just before the Australians left. Wewak point had been previously held by the Japanese who tunneled through the coral to build a fortress. They were entombed when the Navy and Infantry...

ART29863

The sigs go into action!

A cartoon drawing of a group of soldiers running for shelter in a bunker while the war rages overhead.

ART29864

Tank landing craft

Sketches and drawings done as studies for a painting of a Tank Landing Craft practicing with US troops at Bribie Island, Queensland.

ART29865

Captain Cook Dock under construction, lower elevation

Captain Cook Dock under construction showing the lower left elevations.

ART29866

Captain Cock dock, South elevations

Captain Cook dock under construction showing the South elevation looking North.

ART29867

Harry Pike and Ken Joseph

Portrait drawings of Harry Pike, Driver, Mid East AIF (left) and Ken Joseph, Militiaman, 5th Camouflage Unit (right) are depicted.

ART29868

Captured Japanese camp

A captured Japanese camp position at Wewak Heights, New Guinea is depicted. On the verso there are sketches of an island and a landscape.

ART29869

A native skull

A sketch of a native skull from the Port Moresby area, New Guinea.

ART29870

Base Depot, Koitaki, New Guinea

A sketch of the Base Depot at Koitaki, New Guinea, with several soldiers shown seated in the foreground and native buildings in the background.

ART29871

Army sawyers and pioneers

A sketch of Army sawyers and pioneers cutting timber to build a bridge in the jungle behind Port Moresby.

ART29872

[K9 Submarine alongside Garden Island berth]

Dutch Submarine K IX (K9) berthed alongside Garden Island, Royal Navy. K IX was built for the Royal Netherlands Navy to an Electric Boat Co (USA) design and allotted for service in the Netherlands East Indies.

ART29873

Boom across channel opening

A view looking East showing boom across Channel opening. The 9th Division's return on "Queen Mary" with escorting destroyers and cruisers are depicted as they enter Sydney Harbour.

ART29874

Dardi from Java

A portrait of a native from Tanamerah, Java by the name of Dardi.

ART29875

Corporal Jim Watson

Two portrait studies of Corporal Jim Watson are depicted; one profile and one three-quarter view. Corporal Watson was a driver for the Australian Imperial Force, attached to Correspondents, Middle East.

ART29876

Captain Albans

A portrait of Captain Albans, 2nd Australian Imperial Force, 5th Camouflage Unit, AIF

ART29877

Forecastle of HMAS Kiama

Forecastle of HMAS Kiama with 4-inch guns depicted as it crosses the waters off Lae, New Guinea. Reverse side shows topographical sketches of Finnesterre Ranges, Milne Bay, and volcanic islands, Huon Pennisula. Australian commanders opted to advance to the east of Aitape, towards Wewak, to...

ART29878

Corporal Sammy Walsh

A portrait of Corporal Sammy 'the wild Irishman' Walsh (NX52951) of the 2nd Australian Imperial Force.

ART29879

Javanese and natives weaving thatch for artillery camouflage

Javanese native Papuans are depicted weaving thatch which is to be used for artillery camouflage.

ART29880

Refuelling "Kittys"

A scene at 7-Mile Aerodrome showing Curtiss P40-E Kittyhawks being refuelled for return to Buna Bay. Some of the aircraft had already made four missions from 5am to 3pm as 24 Japanese ships had been reported off the New Guinea coast.

ART29881

Beach at Aitape

Depicts a group of men bathing at the beach. The Australian portion of the Aitape-Wewak campaign took place in northern New Guinea between November 1944 and August 1945. Aitape had been occupied by the Japanese in 1942. Although their primary role was the defence of the base facilities at Aitape,...

ART29882

HMAS Kiama

A view of the deck on board HMAS Kiama whilst on the Coral Sea. HMAS Kiama was one of sixty Australian Minesweepers (commonly known as corvettes) built during the Second World War in Australia. Beginning her operational wartime career in March 1944, when she arrived at Milne Bay for service in New...

ART29883

US marines on manoeuvres, Morton Bay

Combined USA Air, Navy and Army Forces are depicted doing excerise practice landing troops and supplies on Bribie Island.

ART29884

After bombardment on beach at Wewak

A scene of the beach following bombardment at Wewak.

ART29885

The bludger

A portrait drawing of a native servant house boy from Moresby squatting on the ground.

ART29886

Moresby coast

A sketch of the Port Moresby coast, east of town. Tracks can be seen leading from the road to the ammunitions dump on the side of the hill.

ART29887

POW

A portrait of a Japanese prisoner of war.

ART29888

Native woman, Koitaki

Two sketches depicting a native Papuan woman wearing a grass skirt and carrying a 'billum', a string bag for carrying produce which is slung from the head.

ART29889

Signals unit

The Signals unit in the foothills of the Owen Stanley Ranges during an overnight 'dogfight' aerial combat with Japanese fighter aircraft. This sketch was made prior to Ashton's appointment as official war artist while he was on active service as a corporal with the Signals Corps.

ART29890

Japanese Landing Barge

Depicts a drawing of a Japanese Landing Barge on Wewak Beach, salvaged by troops.

ART29891

Notes on convoys marshalling at Morton Bay

Several sketches depicting convoys marshalling in Moreton Bay, Queensland.

ART29892

Takei

A depiction of Takei, a Japanese prisoner of war, attending to the laundry.

ART29893

Forecastle mess dock, HMAS "Kiama"

The forcastle mess dock on board HMAS "Kiama", off the New Guinea coast. Personnel are shown seated along the tables.

ART29894

SS "Sodoe" foredeck with troops

A depiction of soldiers relaxing on the foredeck of SS "Sodoe".

ART29895

[SS "Sodoe"]

Sketches of SS "Sodoe" at the wharf, and natives in canoes transporting produce in Tanamerah, Dutch New Guinea

ART29896

Submarine K9

HMAS K9 was a Dutch submarine which was used by the Royal Australian Navy for training purposes during the Second World War. K9 was built for the Royal Netherlands Navy and allocated for service in the Netherlands East Indies. On the night of 31st May 1942, K9 was lying in Sydney Harbour alongside...

ART29897

Indonesian native cookhouse

A native woman is depicted cooking in large boilers at an Indonesian native cookhouse, Tanamerah, Dutch New Guinea.

ART29898

Skipper "Sodoe"

A drawing to the skipper of SS "Sodoe"

ART29899

Cape Puss rest camp, 2/8 Field Company

Soldiers of the 2/8th Field Company are depicted relaxing on the beach at Wewak, New Guinea.

ART29900

Japanese barge

A Japanese barge is depictd; this one in particular was refloated by Australian Imperial Force and used as a passenger vessel around the New Guinea area.

ART29901

7 mile drome

A view of the south-east end of 7 mile drome, New Guinea, with several aircraft on the ground. Located to the north of Port Moresby, seven miles from town, the aerodrome was first used by the Royal Australian Air Force 75th Squadron in 1942 for the defence of Port Moresby.

ART29902

Road to Kokoda: base depot; verso: Frank Wilson

A view of grass buildings and a truck at the Kokoda base depot, Kokoda, Papua New Guinea. On the verso is a portrait sketch of Frank Wilson working under a lamplight.

ART29903

Looking from Base Hospital

A view of the mountains between 7 mile drome and Rouna falls, looking from the Base Hospital in Port Moresby.

ART29904

Thursday Island from troopship SS "Manoora"

The view of Thursday Island from the troopship SS "Manoora"; the township can be seen beyond the jetty with mountains in the background.

ART29905

Road building above Rouna Falls

Personnel from 2/6 Field Engineers are shown building a road above Rouna Falls. These falls were well known to Australian soldiers in 1942 making their way from Port Moresby up to the Sogeri Plateau and Owers' Corner where the Kokoda track begins.

ART29906

Notes at Thursday Island

Several sketches of ships and coastlines at Thursday Island, Queensland.

ART29907

B26 bomber being repaired

A United States Army Air Force (USAAF) Martin B26 Marauder bomber is being repaired on the airstrip at 7 mile drome following action.

ART29908

SS "Sodoe", bridge

The wheelhouse on the SS "Sodoe" bridge, with two personnel inside; the man nearest is steering the vessel while the other looks out to the river.

ART29909

RAAF Pilots Headquarters

The Royal Australian Airforce (RAAF) Pilots Headquarters on the beach at Wewak, New Guinea. A parachute has been used to create an awning under which a personnel member stands nude enjoying a drink; the beach can be seen to his right.

ART29910

Bridge above Rouna Falls

A scene of bridge repairs by engineers over Rouna River, Port Moresby.

ART29911

B17 being fuelled for raid on Rabaul

A US Boeing B17 Flying Fortress is shown at 7 mile drome being fuelled for a raid on Rabaul. Located to the north of Port Moresby, seven miles from town, this aerodrome was first used by the Royal Australian Air Force 75th Squadron in the defense of Port Moresby in 1942.

ART29912

HMAS "Kiama"

A view of the Royal Australian Navy vessel HMAS "Kiama" as seen from the afterdeck. HMAS "Kiama" was predominantly involved in ocean convoy work in the South Pacific area.

ART29913

Panoramic note of 9th Division entering Port Jackson

A sketch of Port Jackson showing three vessels in the harbour: RMS Queen Mary in the foregroud, Aquatinia in the middle, and Isle de France in the background.

ART29914

RMS "Queen Mary"

A depiction of RMS "Queen Mary" at Sydney Harbour, with tug boats and ferries alongside.

ART29915

Javanese assistant

A side profile portrait of a Javanese assistant at Tanamerah, Dutch New Guinea.

ART29916

Pieter Olingir

A portrait of Pieter Olingir from the Tanimbar Islands.

ART29917

Destroyed Japanese planes

Several Japanese planes are depicted alongside Wewak aerodrome; all of them were destroyed by US and Australian bomber aircraft.

ART29918

Young English Lieutenant; verso: View north from above camp at Cairns

recto: A head portrait of an unidentified English Lieutenant, depicted from two different angles. verso: A view north from above the camp at Cairns is depicted

ART29919

Torpedoed American vessel

A quick sketch of an American vessel "Liberty", torpedoed off the coast of New South Wales, is depicted. The Liberty ships were cargo ships built in the United States during the Second World War.

ART29920

Liberated POW, Talien

A portrait of a Chinese prisoner of war, one of the many liberated political prisoners held at Tanamerah, Dutch New Guinea. The liberation of camps was not a uniform process, many camps were liberated as the forces were recapturing territory. For other internees, freedom occurred many months after...

ART29921

Lockheed Hudson on road at 7Mile Drome

A Lockheed Hudson is depicted on the airstrip at 7 Mile Drome. The plane on the left was bombed and destroyed. The Hudson was developed by the Lockheed aircraft corporation from its successful Electra airliner to meet a British requirement for a navigation trainer. The Hudsons served with the air...

ART29922

"Queen Mary"

A sketch of the SS "Queen Mary" entering Sydney Harbour with the return of the 9th Division.

ART29923

PFC Cadell, USA

A portrait of first class Private Cadell (USA), of Illinois, stationed with the Provost Section, Brisbane.

ART29924

Sketches at Moresby

A series of sketches depicting indigenous people in a variety of poses, as well as a village scene at Angau, New Guinea.

ART29925

recto: [untitled portrait]; verso: [notes on ships]

recto: A pencil portrait of an unidentified person . verso: Seven sketches of different vessels, on the Brisbane River

ART29926

After Japanese surrender

Captured Japanese prisoners of war are shown arriving at Wewak for internment after marching under Australian guard for 20 miles.

ART29927

Cairns

Depicts a coastal scene with buildings and boats in the middle foreground and hills in the background.

ART29928

Notes of return of 9th Division, Sydney Harbour

Notes of Sydney Harbour at the time of the 9th Division's return to Australia on board SS "Queen Mary", with several unidentified vessels depicted.

ART29929

Troops being evacutated from Wewak by air

A group of soldiers onboard an aircraft are depicted returning from Wewak over the Owen Stanley Ranges, New Guinea.

ART29930

recto: Captured Japanese weapons; verso: Japanese position after surrender

recto: A landscape with destroyed trees and a pile of captured Japanese weapons taken after their surrender in Wewak, New Guinea is depicted. verso: A landscape depiction of the Japanese position following their surrender.

ART29931

Captain Peter Moyes

A portrait of Captain Peter Moyes, NX17148, 49th Australian Infantry Battalion, reclining on a chair with a hat resting beside him. He is wearing shin guards.

ART29932

Gunner Mick Sawyer

A portrait of Gunner Mick Sawyer of the Royal Australian Artillery, Woorim Fortress and Coastal Defence Units, Bribie Island, Queensland.

ART29933

Brisbane River from Staver Bridge

A view from Staver Bridge of the Brisbane River is shown, with vessels docked along the river bank.

ART29934

Silvester Watratan

A portrait of Silvester Watratan, a native from the Kai Islands, Indonesia.

ART29935

Townsville RAAF drome

Several aircraft are depicted receiving maintenance at Royal Australian Air Force base in Townsville.

ART29936

Japanese barge below Wewak Point

Several Japanese barges below Wewak Point are depicted.

ART29937

Ossie White

A sketch portrait of Ossie White, an Australian servicemen during the Second World War.

ART29938

Not titled [a vessel being assisted by tugboats]

A vessel is depicted being assisted by two tugboats, with mountains shown in the background

ART29939

Study for dead soldier

A study for a dead soldier laying on the ground with his rifle beside him, bayonet cover laying across his body.

ART29940

On bridge of "Sodoe", Digal River

A depiction of the wheel house on board SS "Sodoe", on the Digal River, New Guinea.

ART29941

Study for painting of Wewak

A study for a painting of Wewak, showing gun positions and battery in foreground, and Japanese positions on hills in the background.

ART29942

Vultee bomber

A Vultee Vengance dive bomber, of No 24 Squadron, RAAF, based at Merauke. The Vultee A-31 Vengeance was an American dive-bomber of the Second World War built by Vultee Aircraft. The Vengeance was not extensively used in combat, however it served with the RAF and RAAF in Burma and Southeast asia.

ART29943

Damaged Catalina

An RAAF Consolidated Catalina aircraft, which has been damaged by gunfire in a raid on Port Moresby, is shown. The Catalina was the most widely used flying boat of the war. It flew in all of the major theatres and was employed as a maritime patrol and attack aircraft, a long-range transport, a...

ART29944

Kitty Hawk ready for take-off

USS Kitty Hawk, attack aircraft carrier just about to take off on a bombing mission over Buna Bay where 24 Japanese ships and 9 destroyers were believed to be heading towards Port Moresby. This plane did not return to 7 Mile Drome.

ART29945

Damaged B26 bomber; verso: Jack Ahern, 7 Mile Drome

A damaged United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B26 Martin Marauder bomber, showing the tail gun turret. verso: A portrait of Private, first class (USA) Jack Ahern, at 7 Mile Drome, New Guinea

ART29946

Chester Wilmot

A portrait of possibly Chester Wilmot, a war correspondent. verso: Sketches of Japanese insignia and a 96 Brent type Light Machine Gun

ART29947

Merauke coastline natives; verso: The bastard warrant officer

Two officers are depicted talking to a native man in a village on the Merauke coastline, as local women and children look on in the background verso: A cartoon depicting a warrant officer lecturing a line-up of troops, with one soldier hiding behind the rest.

ART29948

Infantry diggers resting at Wewak Beach; verso: [men in a row boat]

A group of soldiers are depicted resting and relaxing nude on the beach at Wewak, with a truck visible to the right and Wewak Point in the background. verso: sketches of three nude men in a row boat looking at fish and coral in the water.

ART29949

U.S. Bell Aerocobra

Three men are depicted 'gunning up' a Bell P39 Airacobra aircraft for a raid on Rabaul.

ART29950

U.S Aeracobra

A United States Bell P39 Airacobra aircraft is depicted at the Bomana aerodrome in Port Moresby

ART29951

Private yacht taken over by RAAF

A private yacht that was taken over by the Royal Australian Air Force for use as a patrol and supply vessel is depicted in Brosbane.

ART29952

Study for gunner firing machine gun

A gunner is depicted operating a Vickers machine gun - with a water cooler and sight attached, and an ammunition belt. The soldier is possibly from the United States Army as indicated by his uniform and leggings.

ART29953

Thursday Island

A supply vessel is depicted in the harbour at Thursday Island. It is surrounded by small boats, and there is a truck driving in along the jetty.

ART29954

Unloading tank and troop landing crafts

A depiction of tank and troop landing crafts being unloaded in sections carried as deck cargo on "Liberty" ships from the United States off Admiralty Point, Sydney Harbour.

ART29955

Japanese prisoners of war

A group of Japanese prisoners of war are depicted in Wewak, carrying packs.

ART29956

Paulus Kareob

A portrait of Paulus Kareob, a native man from the Mandolo River region, Dutch New Guinea.

ART29957

Lockheed Hudson

A Lockheed Hudson aircraft (A16-198) is depicted under camouflage nets at 7 Mile Drome, New Guinea, getting refueled for a raid.

ART29958

US B17 and B26

Two United States aircraft are depicted: a Martin B26 Marauder (top) and a Boeing B17 Flying Fortress (below) at Port Moresby, New Guinea.

ART29959

Flying Fortress

A Boeing B17 Flying Fortress is depicted getting refueled at 7 Mile Drome, New Guinea, in preparation for an air raid on Rabaul. A dummy gun is pictured to the right.

ART29960

Building aerodrome

An aerodrome being built at Tanamerah, Dutch New Guinea, is depicted during the gravel screening operations.

ART29961

Moresby Harbour

A view of Port Moresby Harbour depicting a ship at the wharf, buildings in the foreground with a gun to the left, and mountains across the background.

ART29962

Port Moresby

A view depicting the township of Port Moresby in the foreground overlooking the harbour, with a ship visible in the far right.

ART29963

Wewak after bombardment

A view of Wewak following bombardment from the Air Force and Navy. A tank can be seen on the right, and the surrounding landscape of destroyed trees and scattered debris is illustrative of the extent of the damage.

ART29964

Bush camp near Laloki River

A view of a bush encampment near the Laloki River, New Guinea. Two soldiers are carrying buckets to the left and there are huts and tents scattered around the area.

ART29965

Submarine alongside Garden Island berth

HMAS K9 was a Dutch submarine which was used by the Royal Australian Navy for training purposes during World War II. K IX (K9) was built for the Royal Netherlands Navy and allocated for service in the Netherlands East Indies. On the night of 31st May 1942 KIX was lying in Sydney Harbour alongside...

ART29966

Cairns staging camp

A view of a staging camp in Cairns, which was used for many of the Australian Army Military personnel on their way to New Guinea during Second World War

ART29967

Trading vessels; verso: Action on 'Sodoe'

A trading vessel is depicted on the Digoel River, Dutch New Guinea from two different angles. verso: Sketches of a gunner operating a machine gun

ART29968

First house bombed in Moresby

The first house to have been bombed in Port Moresby is depicted, with severe damage to the roof evident.

ART29969

Converted fishing trawler as minesweeper

A fishing trawler which was converted for use as a Minesweeper is depicted in the waters near Port Moresby, New Guinea.

ART29970

Captain Cook dock under construction

Captain Cook dock is shown here, from the North end looking South towards Kings Cross, during its construction stages.

ART29971

Captain Cook dock under construction

A view of Captain Cook dock under construction is depicted - from South West looking North East .

ART29972

Osman White

A portrait of war correspondent Osman White, at the Coresspondents Hut in Port Moresby

ART29973

"Ben" Gamoga, Houseboy

A portrait of Gamoga, or 'Ben' for short, the houseboy at the Correspondent's hut in Port Moresby.

ART29974

Crashed B26 bomber

A scene depicting a crashed United States Army Air Force (USAAF) B26 Martin Marauder bomber at 7 Mile Drome, New Guinea. A large cloud of smoke can be seen billowing from the wreckage.

ART29975

Bofors being repaired

Two men are depicted repairing Bofor anti-aircraft guns at 7 Mile Drome, New Guinea.

ART29976

Gun emplacement overlooking Moresby Harbour; verso: [bombed house]

Two soldiers in a gun emplacement covered by a camouflage net are depicted overlooking the harbour at Moresby verso: A sketch of a house destroyed by bombing.

ART29977

"Sodoe" unloading

Men are depicted unloading SS "Sodoe" at Tanamerah, New Guinea.

ART29978

Felling timber behind Moresby

A scene depicting trees being felled behind Moresby, New Guinea.

ART29979

Pioneers cutting timber; verso: [hauling timber]

A scene depicting Pioneers cutting timber in the Kokoda area, New Guinea. verso: A sketch of a truck hauling timber, New Guinea

ART29980

Boats made by soldiers at Wewak

A scene depicting soldiers using boats made by the soldiers at Wewak, whilst others bathe in the water nearby.

ART29981

Cape Moen medical and RAP camp

A view of the medical and Regimental Aid Post camp at Cape Moen, New Guinea.

ART29982

Casualty clearing station, Cape Moem, 1; verso: Casualty clearing station, Cape Moem, 2

A depiction of a casualty clearing station at Cape Moem, New Guinea. Medical facilities were found in areas with troop concentrations. The larger the concentration, the larger the medical facility. The smallest Army medical facility was a Casualty Clearing Station (ACCS) followed by a Camp Hospital...

ART29983

Cape Moem

Two sketches at Moem, New Guinea: above is a depiction of the 3/14 Field Ambulance casualty clearing station at Moem Point; and below is a topographical landscape of Cape Moem, with Muchu Island visible in the background.

ART29984

Moresby notes

Three sketches from Port Moresby: above is a depiction of an aircraft receiving maintenance at the aerodrome in Moresby; in the centre is an aerial view of the harbour at Moresby; and below is a sketch of the vessel "Hic Dui"

ART29985

At sea off Cape York on "Manoora"; verso: Air raid shelter for HQ signals unit

Two soldiers on board HMAS "Manoora" are shown resting in one of the cabins as the vessel sails at sea off Cape York. One soldier is lying on the floor reading a book, the other is sitting on a bunk bed, and personal belongings are scattered around them. verso: A view of the air raid shelter for...

ART29986

Middle Head from Georges Heights, Sydney

A view across Middle Head as seen from Georges Heights, Sydney Harbour.

ART29987

Captain Cook Graving Dock

General view of the Captain Cook graving dock under construction at Garden Island, Sydney, NSW. On the verso there are three sketches of vessels.

ART29988

not titled [soldiers playing Two-up]

Two sketches, drawn on an air mail letter card, depicting a group of soldiers playing a game of Two-up.

ART29989

49th Battalion B Coy

The 49th Battalion B Company are seen on the move in New Guinea.

ART29990

The Correspondent's Hut

The correspondant's hut at Port Moresby, New Guinea. This hut was used by soldiers as a communications centre during the Second World War.

ART29993

Australian "Commander"

A portrait of Lieutenant Peter Cossey of the 1st Independent Company.

ART92134

2/3rd Australian Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Sydney

A gun crew of the 2/3rd Australian Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Bofors 40 mm anti-aircraft gun rushes to Action Stations on the sounding of an alarm at the Regiment's position, Sydney Harbour.

ART23659

Leading Aircraftsman Gill Delprat

Two head portraits taken from different angles of Leading Aircraftsman Gill Paul Delprat, 74805, Royal Australian Air Force.

ART23652

Japanese 'Betty' bombers over Moresby

Japanese 'Betty' bomber aircraft are depicted flying over Port Moresby, New Guinea.

ART29992

Timeline

Date of birth 1913-12-07
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1941-12-23
Date of discharge 1945-12-20 6 Australian Army Trooper Company
Date of death 2001-04-29