Sometimes Australians served with the forces of another country. In these cases the service records will be held by the relevant organisation in that country.
Personnel Records Unit
National Archives of Canada
395 Wellington Street
Ottawa Ontario K1A ON3
First World War attestation papers are available online from the National Archives of Canada website.
Archives New Zealand
PO Box 12050
Details of New Zealanders who have died in conflicts from South Africa (Boer War) to East Timor can be found on the Cenotaph database. The Cenotaph Database is primarily a roll of honour of those who died as a result of war service, but also includes some personnel who have died since.
SA Defence Force Archives
Private Bag X615
SOUTH AFRICA 0001
The SA Defence Force Archives are not open to the public, but you may write to obtain information.
First and Second World Wars
Documentation Service Directorate
Private Bag X 289
SOUTH AFRICA 0001
You need permission from the person concerned or from the eldest living relative to obtain information from these records.
National Archives & Records Administration
700 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington DC 20408
Useful resources for researching your relative's military service
- Researching your relatives military service
- Requesting veterans' service records
- Rootsweb frequently asked questions on First World War
The National Archives provides guidance on researching people, including army, navy, and air personnel, marines, prisoners of war, and merchant seamen.
Ministry of Defence Veterans’ Agency provides addresses to contact for post-1920 records for each service.
The National Archives
Surrey TW9 4DU
Phone: +44 (0) 20 8876 3444
Royal Museums Greenwich produce research guides to assist with research into the Merchant Navy.
Military personal records from 1867 - 1945 and from 1955 are held at Das Bundesarchiv (Federal Archive) in Freiburg, Germany.
Please note that Das Bundesarchiv may respond to enquiries in German. If you are unable to read or write German you may need to employ a translator. Das Bundesarchiv maintains lists of regional research agencies who may be employed to undertake research at the archive on your behalf.
Useful resources for researching your relative’s military service with German armed forces:
- Das Bundesarchiv: Personal Archives/Genealogy
- Addresses for information and research on Second World War German soldiers, units and those missing or killed in action
- How to find information on German soldiers from World War I and World War II
Some other countries are listed on the contacts page of the Department of Veteran’s Affairs World War 2 nominal roll database.
Enquiries concerning a veteran of another country’s armed forces may be directed to the embassy or consulate of that country. Addresses can be found in the telephone directory.
First World War additional resources for records information:
Christina K. Schaefer, The Great War: a guide to the service records of all the world’s fighting men and volunteers (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing, 1998). (Research Centre Reading Room R940.3 S)