Researching Australian military service: Second World War, Merchant Navy
The term “Merchant Navy” refers to a nation’s commercial shipping and crews. During the Second World War, merchant vessels were commissioned into naval service as hospital ships, supply ships and armed merchant cruisers.
Those who served
The Department of Veterans' Affairs' World War 2 Nominal Roll includes the men and women who served in Australia's Merchant Navy.
The National Archives of Australia holds microfilmed employment records for Australian seamen who served on Australian merchant vessels between January 1922 and December 1990. The records are arranged by family name and give some personal information, the name of ships on which the person served, and dates of service.
For more information please see National Archives fact sheet 30 – Navy service
Those who died while serving
The Commemorative Roll lists the names of those Australians who in other respects would qualify as eligible for the Roll of Honour, but who were members of the Merchant Navy. Records in the Commemorative Roll contain the personal particulars, unit and the date of death of each person. Some records may contain cemetery or memorial details and next of kin.
Where they served
- AWM54 963/* Transport - Sea (Allied) - Reports on Voyage
- AWM88, M/N 1-13 Merchant Navy-M/N 23 Merchant Navy (plus others, search using merchant navy keywords)
- AWM188 52 History of RAN Schools, including Merchant Navy Courses
- AWM237 80 Australian Merchant Navy deaths, 1939-45 War
- Alex Marcus, “DEMS? What's DEMS?”: the story of the men of the Royal Australian Navy who manned defensively equipped merchant ships during World War II (Brisbane: Boolarong, 1986)
AWM call number: R 940.545994 M322d
- Baron Edward Evans Mountevans and Huddart Parker Limited, War service of the Merchant Navy: a record of the participation of the men and ships of Huddart Parker Ltd (Melbourne: [Huddart Parker Ltd.], 1951)
AWM call number: F 940.545994 W253
- Merchant navy defence courses: general information ([Melbourne?: s.n., between 1939 and 1940)
AWM call number: 387.5071094 M554
- Royal Australian Navy History, WWII Merchant ship movement records - Australia
- Ron Wylie, Australian merchant navy: stories of the war at sea
- Don Fraser, “‘Men of a service’: Australian merchant seamen”, Wartime 5 (1999): 53-57
- Morris Ochert, An Australian's perspective on the merchant navy in World War II ([Brisbane]: Morris Ochert, 2001)
AWM call number 940.545994 O16a
Additional background material can be found on Trove, the National Library of Australia discovery database.
- Collections Search gives access to images of photographs held by the Memorial.
- PhotoSearch is the online photographic catalogue of the National Archives of Australia, and contains digital images of photographs from the collections in all state and territory offices of the archives.
- Trove includes photographs and other images held by a range of major Australian libraries, archives, and other cultural institutions.
Merchant Navy records for other countries
Archives New Zealand Reference Guide: War
The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration