The Holocaust reveals the extremes of humanity’s capacity for evil, as well as its spirit of endurance and survival. This exhibition represents the Holocaust through the experiences of some of the survivors who made new lives in post-war Australia, as well as those of Australian official war artist Alan Moore, who accompanied British troops as they liberated the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany.


Bernard Slawik (1904-1991), Loading the freight cars to Belzec, drawn in either Janowska concentration cap, Lvov, Poland, c. 1943, or Sweden, c. 1946, pencil on paper.

In this drawing, Bernard Slawik - a prisoner of Janowska concentration camp Lvov, Poland - represents the freight cars that carried Jewish prisoners to the Belzec extermination camp, also in Poland. With its expressionist style and blunt account of death, this drawing provides a harrowing and deeply personal account of the callous and bureaucratic killing of Jews. Skulls dominate this image, signifying both the actual human remains evident in the death camps and the Death’s Head symbol worn by the SS troops who administered the camps.

Opening Remarks from the exhibition by our Director, The Hon Dr Brendan Nelson AO

The Holocaust: witnesses and survivors is located in the Second World War Gallery on the ground level.