|Place||Middle East: Ottoman Empire, Palestine|
|Physical description||Leather; Brass; Chamois; Metal|
|Date made||c 1914-1918|
First World War, 1914-1918
Leather flying helmet : Lieutenant W C Thompson, 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps
Brown leather flying helmet with cream chamois leather lining and a buckle chinstrap. The helmet has leather flaps at each ear, each with a 25 mm reinforced hole over the wearer's ear. There is a leather loop over each ear flap with three metal press studs for fastening in place to hold goggles in position. Each loop has a circular pattern of small holes punched into it covering the reinforced hole in the ear flap. There is a roll of leather in front of the ears designed to help reduce noise, protect the wearer from external impact and cold weather conditions. There is a small turn-up peak above the eyes also lined with chamois leather.
Worn by Lieutenant William Charles Thompson of 'C' Flight, 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC). Thompson was born in Melbourne in October 1894. He was an apprentice turner and fitter with Grinrod & Carter Engineers and Machinists in Victoria from 1913 to October 1915. He enlisted in the AFC on 2 February 1916 as an air mechanic No 325 and was posted to 'C' Flight, No 1 Squadron. He sailed from Melbourne on 16 March 1916 on the troopship RMS Orsova arriving in Egypt on 14 April 1916. On 25 September 1916 he was promoted to 1st Air Mechanic. On 29 November 1917, Thompson began training as a pilot flying DH6, AVRO, BE2E, BE2C, RE8, Martinsyde and Bristol Fighter aircraft. He graduated as a pilot on 25 January 1918 and was promoted to the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. Further training with the School of Aerial Gunnery and the Aerial Observation School followed and he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 25 April 1918 and finally finishing his training on 5 June 1918. Thompson returned to 1 Squadron AFC on 15 June 1918 where he continued to fly Bristol Fighters. He was engaged in patrol, reconnaissance, escort, bombing and despatches in places such as Kutrani, Biara, Waddy Fara and Haifa. Thompson ceased flying on 15 January 1919 and he returned to Australia shortly afterwards. Thompson is mentioned in Vol. VIII AFC, The Official History of Australia for his efforts on an escort and reconnaissance mission on 14 August 1918.