Captain John Collings Taswell Glossop

Birth Date 23 October 1871
Birth Place United Kingdom: England, Greater London, Twickenham
Death Date 23 December 1934
Death Place United Kingdom: England
Final Rank Captain
Units
London Gazette 29 August 1917 on page 8989 at position 1

John Glossop was a naval officer who commanded HMAS Sydney for much of the First World War. He was born on 23 October 1871 at Twickenham in England. As a young man he served in the Royal Navy, and in 1888, at the age of 18, first visited Australia as a midshipman on HMS Orlando, flagship of the Australia squadron.

Glossop served in the Pacific and reached the rank of lieutenant in 1893. He returned to the Australian Station in 1896 as the Navigation Officer on HMS Royalist. In the early years of the 20th century, Glossop's career brought him back and forth from England to Australia and the Pacific several times. In June 1911 he was promoted to captain and in 1913 was given command of a new light cruiser, HMAS Sydney. Sydney was given an enthusiastic reception when she steamed into Sydney Harbour in October that year.

Just over a year later Glossop was in command of Sydney as she escorted the first AIF convoy to the Middle East. He had already served off New Guinea and participated in the capture of Rabaul, but Glossop's first significant action was against the German cruiser Emden off the Cocos Islands in the Indian Ocean. The Emden, outgunned and slower than Sydney, managed to hit the Australian ship with her opening salvo but thereafter came under sustained and accurate fire. Damaged beyond repair, she ran ashore. Sydney then sank her collier, Buresk, and returned to finish off Emden. Rejoining the convoy, Glossop received the congratulations of the Australian Naval Board, though he later recalled that firing on the enemy ship, particularly once she had run ashore but refused to surrender, made him feel "like a murderer."

For Glossop, the remainder of the war was relatively peaceful as he commanded Sydney on patrol in the Caribbean, the Atlantic, and the North Sea. He was relieved in February 1917 and returned to Australia to accept the position of Captain-in-Charge of Naval Establishments in Sydney. Glossop married Ethel McPhillamy in January 1918.

His had been a successful war: Glossop earned the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun and the French Legion d'Honneur, as well as having been Mentioned in Despatches and appointed Commander of the Bath after destroying the Emden. After the war, on 1 March 1919, he was promoted to commodore 2nd class; in June he presided over the court martial of mutineers from HMAS Australia, handing down severe sentences that led to his being attacked in parliament.

Glossop returned to the Royal Navy in 1920 and was promoted to rear admiral on 21 November 1921, and retired the next day. He remained in England, where he died on 23 December 1934.

Honours & Awards

  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    French Officer of the Legion of Honour, Fourth Class
    Classification
    French Legion d'Honneur
    Unit
    Royal Australian Navy
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Captain
    London Gazette
    25 January 1918 on page 1230 at position 1
  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Companion of the Order of the Bath
    Classification
    Order of the Bath
    Unit
    HMAS Sydney
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Captain
    London Gazette
    1 January 1915 on page 1 at position 1
  • Honours and Awards:

    Award/Honour
    Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, Third Class
    Classification
    Japanese awards and medals
    Unit
    Royal Australian Navy
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Captain
    London Gazette
    29 August 1917 on page 8989 at position 1

Timeline

Date of birth 1871-10-23 Twickenham, England.
Other 1888 Visited Australia for the first time as a midshipman on HMS Orlando, flagship of the Australia squadron.
Date promoted 1893-06-30 Appointed lieutenant.
Other units 1896 Returned to Australia as the navigation officer on HMS Royalist.
Other units 1902-08-17 Appointed commanding officer HMS Lizard.
Date promoted 1904-06-30 Appointed commander.
Other units 1905-07-11 HMS Pembroke.
Other units 1908-01-03 Appointed commanding officer HMS Prometheus.
Other units 1910-09-01 HMS Hood.
Date promoted 1911-06-22 Appointed captain.
Other 1913-03-10 On loan to RAN from the Royal Navy.
Other 1913-03-10 - 1917-02-09 Appointed commanding officer of HMAS Sydney.
Other units 1913-06-27 Appointed captain of HMAS Sydney.
Other units 1917-05-15 Appointed captain in charge of Naval establishments, Sydney.
Date promoted 1919-03-01 Appointed commodore 2nd class.
Other 1919-06 Presided over the court martial of mutineers from HMAS Australia.
Other 1920-10-05 Returned to the Royal Navy.
Other units 1921-06-01 HMS Colleen - command of the coastguard personnel and coastguard captain of Queenstown area.
Date promoted 1921-11-21 Appointed rear admiral.
Date of discharge 1921-11-22 Transferred to the Retired list.
Date of death 1934-12-23 Died in England.

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