Twenty-two-year old Leslie Craig was working on his father's property in the south-west of Western Australia when he volunteered for the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) in October 1914. The youngest of Francis and Hannah Craig's four sons, Leslie was also the only one from the family to enlist. His three brothers were also farmers and they remained at home to tend to their livestock.
Before the First World War, Leslie had trained for two years with the militia. As an experienced soldier and horseman, Leslie was selected as an officer for the 10th Light Horse Regiment and in early 1915, he set sail for Gallipoli.
By the time Leslie arrived on the peninsula in May, the combined Australian and New Zealand force had withdrawn to a precarious position that was surrounded by Turkish strongpoints on all sides. But the Turkish army wasn't the only threat the Anzac troops encountered on the steep and rugged slopes.
In the summer months, swarms of flies began to gather near refuse, latrines, and rotting corpses, carrying infection to food eaten in unwashed dixie tins. Bully beef and hard tack biscuits were the staple of most meals, and fresh water was in short supply. By June hospitals were treating far more troops for disease than for wounds received in action.