Out in the Cold: Australia's involvement in the Korean War
Located on the Ground Level
- Australians in Korea
- Australian Operations
- Weapons of War
- Faces of War
- Armistice and Aftermath
Glossary, Statistics & Bibliography
This is a list of terms associated with the Korean War.
ANZAC - "Australian and New Zealand Army Corps" This name was first used in Gallipoli in 1915, but eventually came to be used as slang to describe any Australian or New Zealand soldier - the "Anzac" soldiers. Today in Australia and New Zealand "Anzac Day" is celebrated every year on 25 April, to honour men and women who have served in all wars, and commemorate those who died while in service.
BCOF - British Commonwealth Occupying Force (Japan)
CO - Commanding Officer
HOOCHIE - Makeshift tent
LT COL - Lieutenant Colonel
MC - Military Cross
MM - Military Medal
NCO - Non-commissioned officer
POW - Prisoner of war
PTE - Private
UN - United Nations
UNCOK - United Nations Committee on Korea
UNCURK - United Nations Committee for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea
UNTCOK - United Nations Temporary Committee on Korea
1 RAR - 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
2 RAR - 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
3 RAR - 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
RAF - Royal Air Force (Britain)
RAAF - Royal Australian Air Force
RAN - Royal Australian Navy
SGT - Sergeant
SORTIE - A single operational flight
Statistics relating to Australia's involvement in the Korean War.
|Royal Australian Navy||Australian Army||Royal Australian Air Force||All services|
|Numbers enlisted/engaged||4,507||10,657||2,000 (approx.)||17,164|
|Killed (including died of wounds)||2||276||28 (a)||306|
|Died while a prisoner of war||-||1||-||1|
|Accidental and other deaths||3||16||13 (b)||32|
|Prisoners of war||-||23||6||29 (e)|
- Flying-battle casualties.
- Nine flying-accident casualties; three ground-accident casualties; one died of illness.
- Includes thirty-six wounded.
- No information on RAAF wounded available.
- Includes twenty-one prisoners of war repatriated after the armistice (27 July 1953) and one who died while a prisoner of war.
The following is alist of sources used in the development of this online exhibition. All are available at the Australian War Memorial's Research Centre. Further details for most can be found in our collection databases.
AWM 85 2/17: 1 RAR, December 1952.
AWM 85 2/19: 1 RAR, February 1953.
AWM 85 3/3 (part 3): 2 RAR, May 1953.
AWM 85 4/21: 3 RAR, October 1950.
AWM 85 4/35: 3 RAR October 1951.
AWM 84 4/46: September 1952.
AWM 85/28: 3 RAR, April 1951.
AWM 114 665/7/1: 3 RAR in the Battle of Kapyong and Map and Trace Reports and Comments on the Battle of Kapyong, 23-24 April 1951.
AWM 114 665/7/2: Showdown in Korea: a brief history by the Office of Public Information ROK.
AWM 114 665/7/5: 77 Squadron in Korea RAAF: Men Adopt Korean Waifs.
AWM 114 665/7/6: Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation to 77 Squadron, RAAF.
AWM 114 665/7/10: The RAN in the Korean War
3DRL 7683, PR 00497, PR 89/110 Papers of Cpl. Ronald Cashman
PR00466 Papers of Mrs Olwyn Green
PR85/119 Papers of Lt. Dacre Smyth
Memoir, Private M. C. "Snow" Dicker, uncatalogued
MSS 1157: Skane Kelly, The Korean War Homefront 1950-51.
3DRL 3351, PR 82/125 Papers of Captain Bryan Gandevia
MSS 1453: 'Interlude', 'Dog Outpost', 'From the Rubble', by D.M. Guilfoyle
PR00186 Papers of Petty Officer Andrew Nation, HMAS Sydney
PR 83/183: Papers of Mrs June White
PR 85/175: Papers of Squadron Leader R. D. Guthrie
PR85/269 Papers of Private Harry Kammerman
MSS0691 Papers of Squadron Leader Esmond New
PR 86/095: Papers of Air Vice Marshal H. A. Hughes.
PR 89/28: Papers of Mrs Nell Honeysett
PR 89/55: Papers of Lt. Col. B.S. O'Dowd
PR 91/163, Papers of Pte Cecil Fisher
10/1/1 (1 of 2): Australian Leaflets, Armed Forces Recruitment with Reference to Korea.
10/1/1 (2 of 2): Australian Leaflets, Armed Forces Recruitment with Reference to Korea.
10/1/2: Australian Leaflets, Armed Forces Reserve Recruitment with Reference to Korea.
10/1/3: Australian Leaflets, Recruitment for Korea Force.
10/2/2: UN Forces Leaflets, Psychological Warfare.
10/3/1: Communist Leaflets, Psychological Warfare.
Select Bibliography of Secondary Sources:
Bartlett, N. With the Australians in Korea, AWM, 1954.
Breen, B. The Battle of Maryang San, Headquarters Training Command, 1991.
Breen, B. The Battle of Kapyong, Headquarters Training Command, 1992.
Burgess, P. Warco - Australian Reporters at War, William Heinemann Australia, 1986.
Burchett, W. At the Barricades, MacMillan, 1981.
Coulthard-Clark, C. Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, 1998.
Crosbie, P. Pencilling Prisoner, Hawthorn Press, 1954.
Gallaway, J. The Last Call of the Bugle, University of Queensland Press, 1994.
George, A. L. The Chinese Communist Army in Action - The Korean War and its aftermath, Columbia University Press, 1967.
Goodman, D. Our War Nurses: The History of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps 1902-1988, Boolarong Publications, 1988.
Gordon, H. The Embarrassing Australian, Lansdowne Press, 1962.
Green, O. The Name's still Charlie, University of Queensland Press, 1993.
Hastings, M. The Korean War, Michael Joseph Publications, 1987.
Hooker, J. Korea - The Forgotten War, Time-Life Books, 1989.
Jackomos, A. and Fowell, D. Forgotten Heroes: Aborigines at War from the Somme to Vietnam, Victoria Press, 1993.
Jones, C. Wings and the Navy 1947-1953, Kangaroo Press, 1997.
Kiernan, B. (ed.) Burchett: Reporting from the Other Side of the World 1939-1983, Quartet Books, 1986.
McCormack, G. Cold War, Hot War: An Australian Perspective on the Korean War, Hale and Ironmonger, 1983.
Mordike, J. (ed.) The Post-War Years: 1945-1954, Proceedings of the 1996 RAAF History Conference, RAAF Air Power Studies Centre, 1997.
O'Dowd, B. "The Australian Battle of Kapyong: From the Inside", Duty First, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1992, pp. 41-51.
O'Dowd, B. "Charlie Green's Battle: The First 35 Days", Royal United Service Institute Bulletin, No. 4, December 1999, pp. 13-20.
O'Neill, R. Australia in the Korean War 1950-53: Volume I Strategy and Diplomacy, The AWM and the Australian Government Publishing Service, 1981.
O'Neill, R. Australia in the Korean War 1950-53: Volume II Combat Operations, The AWM and the Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1985.
Pears, M. Recollections of War: Maryang San, October 1951, Fred Kirkland Publications, 1995.
Pears, M. and Kirkland, F. (eds.) Korea Remembered, Department of Defence, 1998.
Sekuless, P. A Handful of Hacks, Allen and Unwin, 1989.
Wilson, D. Lion over Korea - 77 Fighter Squadron RAAF 1950-53, Banner Books, 1994.