While the Anzacs won fame on Gallipoli, it was just the beginning of Australia’s experience in the First World War. The infantry went on to fight on the Western Front, and the light horse served in the Middle East. The navy, too, did important work, protecting ports and coastlines, keeping the trade routes open, enabling the passage of troops, and directly engaging the enemy.
The original ANZAC corps was expanded to two corps in 1916; these fought in France and Belgium. In November 1917 the Australian divisions were brought together as a single “Australian Corps”. In the war’s final year, an Australian, Sir John Monash, was given command.
The final victory had a cost. Australia’s war dead numbered 60,000, and a further 150,000 battlefield wounds were recorded. The decades of mourning that followed the war were given physical expression in the erection of countless war memorials. Across the country these became the focus of successive Anzac Days