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It was a great fight where we were getting out of the boats and a good many got shot but a bayonet charge soon shifted the Turks and things got pretty lively
Private John Croft, 3rd Battalion, 5 May 1915


In 1915 British forces invaded Turkey in an attempt to knock it out of the war. Australian and New Zealand troops played a role in the campaign. It was Lieutenant General William Birdwood’s job to devise the plan to bring the Australian and New Zealand forces ashore on the Gallipoli peninsula north of Gabe Tepe.

On 25 April 1915 Australian and New Zealand troops landed at what became known as Anzac Cove. Their objective was to capture the Sari Bair range, so that fresh troops could advance to take Mal Tepe. Control of this high ridge would hamper the movement of Turkish troops and supplies between the north and south of the peninsula.

Birdwood at Gallipoli

Lieutenant General Sir William Birdwood