Civil Constructional Corps

The Civil Constructional Corps (CCC) was established in April 1942 to supply labour for the creation of infrastructure like airfields, gun emplacements, barracks, roads and other projects undertaken by the Allied Works Council.

All men between the ages of 18 and 60 could be conscripted into the CCC unless they were serving in the armed forces or employed in a reserved occupation. They received pay based on civilian award rates but their work was highly regulated: they could not strike and might be sent anywhere in Australia.

At its peak strength in August 1943, almost 54,000 men were serving in the CCC. They were involved in hundreds of projects worth millions of pounds. Almost one-third of them were conscripted – or “manpowered”, the term current at the time. By the end of the war 77,500 men had served in the CCC. They had served in every state and territory and made an invaluable contribution to the war effort. Two hundred and eighteen members of the CCC died while serving in it.

Civil Constructional Corps badge - REL/11262Civil Constructional Corps badgeREL/11262

Civil Constructional Corps tradesmen, Herne Bay - ART30259Civil Constructional Corps tradesmen, Herne BayART30259

Erecting poles for aeroplane hideouts, Pokolbin Aerodrome - ART30260Erecting poles for aeroplane hideouts, Pokolbin AerodromeART30260

Knocking off time at an aerodrome, Bankstown - ART30247Knocking off time at an aerodrome, BankstownART30247

Chargemen (Detonator Section, Commonwealth Explosives Factory, Maribyrnong) - ART26106Chargemen (Detonator Section, Commonwealth Explosives Factory, Maribyrnong)ART26106

Wartime lapel badges - REL32613Wartime lapel badgesREL32613

Hazards of tropical service - RC02362Hazards of tropical serviceRC02362

Hazards of tropical service - RC02361Hazards of tropical serviceRC02361